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Taylor University Magazine 



A quiet cove, a place of patience, of softness; 

a retreat to sanity. Here is a complete ecosystem — 

a total self-sustaining environment for the plants, 

insects, amphibians and reptiles that find this 

their natural habitat. 

Here is exquisite balance in nature —a balance 

of producers, consumers, and decomposers. 

The water is pure, and all the forms of life healthy. 

They are not intelligent, but the master plan by 

which all the components of this ecosystem 

function is complex — so much so that we theists can 

view it only as of divine order. Ironically, the 

greatest threat to this idyllic scene comes 

from the most intelligent being on earth. 

"And God said, let us make man in 

Issued quarterly bv Taylor University 
Second Class postage paid at Upland, Indiana. 




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Nature's disposal system at 
work. Shelf fungus slowly de- 
composes a dead birch, 
returning it to the soil as 
mineral to nourish living plants. 
Photos on pages 3 - 5 were 
taken near the biology field 
station in northern Michigan. 

Opposite page: The industrial 
complex overpowers the en- 
vironment, upsetting the 
balance in nature. Photo of 
London docks by the editor. 

our own image, after our likeness: 
and let them have dominion over the 

fish of the sea, and the fowl of the 
air and over the cattle, and over all 

the earth, and over every creeping 
thing ... so God created man in His 

One can well imagine that the Garden of 
Eden was the model of a perfectly functioning 
ecosystem. Humans (though few), beasts, and 
plants lived together in harmony — in the balance 
that God himself called "very good." 

The first man heard several injunctions: 
Have dominion ... be fruitful . . . multiply . . . 
subdue. One that seems to have missed his ears 
was to "replenish the earth." He was given this 
responsibility — to keep the system going. This, 
unfortunately is exactly what he did not do. 
From the beginning man seemed to have little 
regard for systems — which meant a degree of 
regimentation, of adherence to certain laws. Of 
putting back as well as taking out. 

Given enough time and enough fellow 
humans, man, by following this pattern, has 
made a shambles of his environment. He (at least 
Western man) is now faced with the conse- 
quences of over-producing and over-consuming. 
His insatiable desire for things has led to a 
system and degree of production whose actual 
cost is not only the expenditure of human energy 
but the insidious erosion of his environment. 

We return to Eden and the fruit with its 
warning, "Thou shalt not eat of it lest ye die." 
But Adam and Eve chose "enlightenment" over 
obedience, "freedom" over law. This was not the 
last time that man was to bow to such a shrine. 

The eating of the forbidden fruit was re- 
enacted in the 17th and 18th centuries with the 
age of enlightenment and the age of reason. 
These intellectual moods — these exoduses from 
the garden of faith — sought to magnify man. But 
they did so at his own expense. 

own image . . . male and female He created 
them . . . and God said unto them, be 
fruitful and multiply, and replenish the 
earth and subdue it . . . and the Lord God 
planted a garden eastward in Eden; and 
there He put the man He had created." 

Twentieth century man also has been eating some 
of the wrong "apples.'' One of the consequences has been 
the alienation of his own offspring. 

Many young people resent the world of imbalance 
and deterioration they are inheriting. Sensing an empti- 
ness, they deplore the short-sighted over-consuming by 
their elders; the striving for the "good life,'' which being 
interpreted means reaching the highest consumption 
level possible. (One scholar has pointed out the irony that 
people have brought such dynamism to the search for 
such a static condition.) Youthful resentment has surfaced 
in many well-publicized forms. Tragically, some have 
proved to be personally and socially destructive. 

Although underlying causes may be very fundamen- 
tal, attempted solutions can not be reduced like so much 
cellulose, to truisms which turn to ashes in the heat of 
today's flash points. 

Taylor University, however, is not abdicating to 
despair. To say there are no easy answers is not to say 
there are no answers. The challenge has never been 
greater or the call to intelligent, compassionate disciple- 
ship more urgent. 

Christian young people have no choice but to face 
today's burning questions if they are really to contribute 
to the solutions. Taylor, by providing a climate for high- 
level, honest communicating, is encouraging the mental 
and spiritual maturity the future will demand. 

Such a rich educational experience does not just 
happen any more than an ecosystem just happens. It is 
forged out of vision, creativity and concern — plus divine 

As a result of this combination of resources, three 
events were undertaken during the month of May which 
proved of such significance that they are presented in 
some detail in this issue. 

The truly creative person is not a lawbreaker but a lawmaker. Every 

creative performance since the first one has contributed in some 

measure to order, meaning or design. 

Members of the young-in-heart Taylor Alumni Council have shown 

considerable creativity in helping enrich the "life cycle" of the 

University. As students they received much and are now replenishing 

Taylor with their vitality and talent. 

As an example, the Council devised what they termed an "Alumni 

Talk-Back." This innovation grew out of questions the Council 

members asked themselves: "What insights would recent graduates 

share with students if given the chance to return to the campus 

and voice their convictions?" "How would they advise students to 

prepare for the world as they find it?" 

Believing that such candid communicating could be beneficial both 

to the students and the participants, the Council, with the 

cooperation of the University, invited fourteen alumni and former 

students from several professions to return to the campus for a 

day of panel and group discussions. 

The alumni attended classes related to their professional pursuits 

and served as guest consultants and lecturers. This first-time event 

proved a worthy one — so much so that many thought it deserved 

a continuing place in the Taylor program. 

The following excerpts from some of the discussions are only 

representative, since the program was too extensive to present here 

in full. The views are personal, of course, and not intended as 

institutional statements. More to the point, they helped broaden 

student understanding of the diverse challenges awaiting 

Christian young adults. 

Alumni Talk-Back 

"We Christians have not yet 

adapted a minority mentality," 

asserted Jay Kesler '58, Asst. 

to the President of Youth for 

Christ Intl. During his 

thoughtful presentation Jay 

asked: "How far will we go to 

demonstrate the uniqueness 

of Christianity?" 

Following are thoughts recapped 
from the panel discussion held dur- 
ing the chapel hour on Talk Back 

I was struck by the strong consen- 
sus among the four alumni on the 
panel. This was completely unre- 
hearsed. In fact. I personally had 
never met nor talked with two of the 
panel members. I believe this uni- 
formity stemmed from a common 
concern that evangelical Christians 
and the institutions they have cre- 
ated are for the most part unwilling 
and/or unable to convert spiritual 
energy into active concern for the 
human needs in our society. These 
needs are so intricately intermeshed 
with man's spiritual needs that to 
deal with one in isolation from the 
other is fraudulent. 

Evangelicals are quick to brand 
those concerned exclusively with 

human needs (ie., the social gospel 
"types") as frauds; but we also are 
charlatans when we with spiritual 
tunnel vision ignore human needs. 
Moreover, the credibility of our sup- 
posed spiritual concern suffers ir- 
reparable harm when we refuse to 
show concerned action, as demon- 
strated in the gospels, toward social 
evils. Christians who desire to be 
Christ-like must realize that pollina- 
tion of "the world" is not the equiva- 
lent of pollution by "the world." We 
often seem to confuse the two pro- 
cesses to the extent that we have ab- 
dicated our role as the salt of the 

A program for improving race re- 
lations could include the following: 

1) Establish adult education 
programs for ghetto resi- 

2) Help prepare the underprivi- 
leged for civil service exams. 




by David Mettee '63 

college boards and other "en- 
trance hurdles" type tests 
where ghetto residents are 
at a tremendous disadvan- 
tage because of, among other 
things, unfamiliarity with 
such evaluation procedures. 
3) Work in conjunction with al- 
ready-existing ghetto organi- 
zations, providing manpower 
and suggestions in regard to 
their efforts to implement 
special education and train- 
ing programs in the ghetto. 
A more important and far less 
glorious suggestion is the need to 
literally convert one's home church, 
if necessary, into a "Christian" in- 
stitution, vis a vis racism and other 
social ills. At present, a vast majority 
of evangelical churches have racial 
prejudices, all defenses to the con- 
trary notwithstanding. For example, 
of the churches with young people 

Page 8 

Far left: Alumni and 
students evaluate the Talk- 
Back during an evening 
session in Upland's 
Chanticleer Restaurant. 
Upper left: 
Tim Burkholder '63, 
graduate student at Ohio 
State, holds informal session 
with science students. 
Lower left: Tom Thiery x'62, 
art teacher in Ousted. 
Michigan, discusses public 
school teaching techniques 
with art students. 
Left center: Beulah 
Coughenour '52. Council 
member and Talk Back 
chairman, reports on the 
event during Alumni Day 
business session. 

Page 9 

Top to bottom 
Wendell True, 56 actuary. 
Ohio National Insurance 

Fred Pomeroy '61. center. 
Superintendent. Las Vegas 
City Schools, visits with 
David Meuee "63, right. 
Assistant Professor of Psy- 
chology at Yale, and with 
Taylor's Dr. Stanley 
Burden 61 . 

Evan Bertsche '49. Director 
of Staff Recruitment and 
Training. Lucas County. 
Ohio, Children's Service 

Roger Erfourth '61. Press 
Secretary for Congressman 
Joseph Karth, Minnesota. 

Other guest participants: 
William Boycott '58, 
Research Supervisor. Udylite 
Corporation. Detroit. 
Dr. Don Callan '55. Professor 
of Physical Education, 
Athletic Director and 
Basketball Coach, Cedarville 

Robert Gilkison '57. 
Investment Advisor, former 
Deputy Director of Finance 
in the Federal Government. 
Joseph Gordon x'64, 
Regional Supervisor. Gordon 
Food Service. Saginaw. 

James Norris '51. Owner, 
General Insurance Agency, 
Lebanon. Ohio. 
Rol>ert Pieschke x'5I, Vice 
President of Sales. Saginaw 
Bearing Company. 
Ronald Shaw '57, 
Outstanding Agent. Nation- 
wide Insurance Company, 
Grabill, Indiana. 
Paul Williams '61, Music 
Teacher and Administrator. 
Chesaning. Michigan. 
Union Schools. 



at Taylor how many would favor a 
fair open housing law? Prejudiced 
unchristian attitudes — attitudes at 
variance with the teachings of Christ 
— prevail in many churches. 

This picture is bleak, and conse- 
quently unattractive and unappeal- 
ing to the youthful idealist. How- 
ever, this is "where it's at," here 
resides the real challenge, and black 
leaders have been telling "liberal 
whites," "man, if you're serious, go 
deal with your white brothers, we'll 
help our own." The prospect of help- 
ing blacks by dealing with whites is 
not very alluring since we aren't 
likely to be appreciated. But the 
point we must realize is that the 
source of the racial problem lies at 
our own doorstep and that a firm 
stand against racism by evangelical 
churches would be an immensely 
potent and remedial force. 

The college generation of this day 
is spiritually receptive, but at the 
same time, has rejected Christianity. 
This I believe portrays our self- 
imposed parochial isolationism and 
refusal to expose our Christianity to 
the real world. Many of us have in- 
sulated ourselves from the world's 
influence and in so doing have failed 
to influence the world. Our failure 
to demonstrate a robust Christianity 
that represents a viable way of life 
has left the seeker of life without an 
alternative to drugs, mysticism and 
the occult on the one hand, and 
existential despair on the other 

What of the young Christians' lack 
of preparation for living in a hos- 
tile environment? The weakest link 
concerns the intellectual respecta- 
bility of the evangelical's faith. The 
Taylor graduate should confront, be- 



fore commencement, the cynicism 
and intellectual condescension that 
Christianity inspires. In addition, the 
Taylor student must be more ad- 
equately provided with the means 
of establishing, within a secular en- 
vironment, the intellectual credi- 
bility of Christianity. 

It may be surprising to some that 
this is possible and one need not be 
helpless and forced to resort to vapid 
cliches whenever he encounters an 
intellectual challenge to his faith. 
Many Taylor students are quite well 
prepared in this regard. My candid 
analysis is that this often occurs 
independently of Taylor's institu- 
tional influence. 

In addition to the Talk-Back, the 
following ideas for more significant 
alumni participation might be con- 
sidered by the University: 

Make more efficient use of 
alumni skills and talents to en- 
rich the Taylor program. The 
interterm could be used to ad- 
vantage here. Accomplished 
Taylor graduates who would 
find it impossible to be at Tay- 
lor full-time could give intensive 
courses in their specialities dur- 
ing the interterm. 
Conduct a consulting team- 
teaching program whereby spe- 
cial skills of Taylor alumni 
could be utilized. The professor 
could plan a course in conjunc- 
tion with a relevant Taylor 
Virtues Abound 

The tone here has been somewhat 
negative because I've dealt with 
weaknesses rather than virtues. 
However, virtues abound and I have 
deeply appreciated the opportunity 
to return and perhaps contribute in 
a meager way to an institution that 
provided me with so much. All of 
the alumni who took part in the 
Talk-Back were in accord on this 
point, which, I believe, reflects a 
feeling that goes deep into the fiber 





by Tim Burkholder '63 

Q: Does Taylor University help 
us prepare academically as 
well as a large state school 

A: The value of education for the 
most part depends on the stu- 
dent's initiative to obtain use- 
ful information in an area of 
of study. Only so much mate- 
rial can be presented in a given 
period of time. The student 
must then take the initiative 
to expand on the topic studied 
and learn the material. Taylor's 
educational program is more 
than adequate for the under- 
graduate who is preparing for 
a future in his or her chosen 
field. The spiritual experience 
gained by students attending 
Taylor more than makes up for 
the lack of some facilities, etc. 
which a larger school may 
have. Education is very impor- 
tant but even more important 
are the experiences we have 
that will count for eternity. 

Q: What is your candid opinion 
of the Talkback? 

A: As a whole the program is very 
beneficial for both the alumni 
and students. It gives the alum- 
ni a chance to see Taylor's pro- 
gram in operation in 1970, 
which in turn enables them to 
to compare it with the "good 
old days." At the same time it 
provides students an opportu- 
nity to see and talk with peo- 
ple who "survived" Taylor and 
are now successful in the out- 
side world. 

Note: Tim is joining the Taylor 
faculty this fall. 

of almost everyone who has attended 
Taylor — something significant was 
received during the years at T U and 
the desire is strong to reciprocate in 
some way. 




by Dr. Fred Pomeroy '61 

Q: As a superintendent what do 
you look for in a prospective 

A: Many people feel that a college 
academic record (grades) is 
perhaps the primary factor in 
the selection of a teacher. I do 
not hold this particular view. 
It appears to me that qualities 
of creativity, enthusiasm and 
the ability to relate to students 
are of key importance in the 
selection. That is, I would 
rather have a teacher with an 
average academic record and 
superior ratings in the above 
areas than I would a teacher 
with an outstanding academic 
record but lacking in initiative 
and ability to communicate 
with the students. 

Q: What did Taylor University 
provide you with in terms of 
professional training and re- 
lated experiences that you 
could not have received at a 
state university? 

A: I believe there is not a great 
deal of difference in the quality 
of professional training re- 
ceived at Taylor University 
and that received at state uni- 
versities in Indiana. However, 
I believe that the one ingre- 
dient Taylor provides that one 
cannot acquire as easily at a 
state institution is the develop- 
ment of a "sensitivity for peo- 
ple." It appears to me that 
Taylor University succeeds in 
fulfilling the desire for gradu- 
ates to meet the needs of peo- 
ple in whatever vocation they 
find themselves. 

Qj What is your evaluation of the 
" Talk-back?" 

A: I feel that the chapel session 
and the dialogue related to it 
by the panelists was probably 
one of the highlights of this 
entire venture. 




by Wendell C. True '56 

In our various sessions there were 
two main areas of questions. First 
concerned my particular field of ap- 
plied mathematics, which is the ac- 
tuarial profession. There was interest 
in what an actuary does and what it 
takes to become one. A lot of this 
interest arises because of the limited 
number of possibilities for applied 
mathematicians. The second area of 
questioning was how Taylor had 
prepared me for my career or for 
Graduate School in particular. My 
answer to this was that I felt the 
quality of education at Taylor was 
comparable to that which you could 
receive anywhere. 

In my time the main item that was 
missing was quantity. I had to go to 
Graduate School to pick up some 
courses that are now available at 
Taylor. I'm sure the increase in staff 
of the Mathematics Department has 
come a long way towards enlarging 
the quantity of the courses available 
as well as increasing the quality. 

Another question raised was, 
"What effect does coming from Tay- 
lor have when you are applying for 
a position with a company?" My 
answer is that, at least in the Mid- 
western area with which I'm famil- 
iar, a background at a small school 
will not hinder in the least. 

I felt that the effectiveness of the 
Alumni Talk-back would be in- 
creased substantially if there were 
more opportunities to talk with the 
students in smaller groups. One of 
the suggestions made by someone 
else was that there should be one 
area designated for the alumni to go 
to when they are not involved else- 
where, and anyone interested in 
meeting, or talking with them could 
come to this central location to visit. 
Possibly extending the Alumni Talk- 
back over a two-day period would 
allow some of this more individual- 
ized communication. 


by Evan Bertsche '49 

Q: What is your feeling, in gener- 
al, about today's college stu- 

A: This generation of college stu- 
dents is the most honest of any 
I have seen. They are the first 
to verbalize questions bother- 
ing students for years. They are 
as idealistic as young people 
have ever been. The growing 
demand for courses in under- 
graduate and social work con- 
tent indicates that many want 
to do "their thing" within es- 
tablished institutions to change 
situations in society that need 
changing. Also, on the positive 
side, I find students less ma- 
terialistic and acquisitive than 
in previous years. They are 
thinking about causes and 
principles more than salary 
schedules, tenure and fringe 

Q: Which economic level presents 
the greatest problems to so- 

A: Dependency, child neglect, de- 
linquency, crime and the 
whole range of social programs 
occurs at every socio-economic 
level; but they are the most 
visible among the poor. Thus, 
statistically, the poor tend to 
present the most problems to 
society. I should add that it is 
incorrect to equate poverty 
with emotional neglect. Pover- 
ty stricken parents often pro- 
vide a warm, loving home situ- 
ation. The emotional compo- 
nents of family life are far more 
important than the physical. 

Q: How effective are current wel- 
fare programs? 

A: Correctional programs and 
welfare programs have shown 
pitifully small success, largely 
because they have not been ad- 
ministered by qualified per- 
sonnel, and they have had very 
minimal popular support and 




by Bill Boycott '58 

If all you students are interested 
in is a degree in Chemistry, obvious- 
ly there are schools that rate higher 
than Taylor, such as MIT and the 
University of Michigan. But Taylor 
is performing a great service to its 
students by developing the "whole 
man;" and industry is increasingly 
interested in this kind of person. In- 
cidentally, what I have seen of the 
training you are getting, you can 
expect to hold your own with the 

Q: Is what I am learning rele- 

va n t? 
A: I can assure you that it most 
certainly is. In fact, you will be 
surprised just how much of 
what you are studying will be 
applicable to your future work 
in the scientific community. 

have not had the tools, pri- 
marily financial, to do the job. 

We have made pitifully 
small gains in the field of hu- 
man relations as compared 
with progress in technology. 
Behavioral science appears to 
be less developed as a science 
than any of the physical 

Qj What opportunities are there 
for Christian service? 

A: The field of Social Work is a 
ready made vehicle for the 
Christian to show his concern 
for people. It provides oppor- 
tunity to minister to physical 
and emotional needs of man on 
the level where he lives. I be- 
lieve that Christians have been 
ineffective many times in evan- 
gelistic efforts because they fail 
to consider the whole person. 
They forget that man's human 
and emotional needs have a 
great bearing on his receptivity 
to spiritual ministry. O 


w m\ Mmrmr 

Upper left: Bev Finley 73, 
reports on the Washington 
Peace Rally. 

Left: Part of the heterogeneous 
crowd at the Washington Peace Rally. 
Photo by Georgia Christgau 71. 

Above: Rich Myers 71. President of 
the student body, participated in 
the panel session on polarization. 

To say that a campus is quiet is not 

necessarily a compliment. A vegetable is 

peaceful. What appears as serenity 

may be static insensitivity — callouses on 

the nerves of compassion. 

On the other hand, activism is not 

always the highest good. The Burning 

Bush, we recall, burned but it was 

not consumed. 

Activism can be shallow. Some crusaders 

seem to be contradictions of what they 

are trying to promote — such as "freedom" 

— while forcibly silencing those with 

whom they disagree. Concerning such 

demonstrators, we can tolerate their 

views but we cannot tolerate 

their intolerance. 

The times call for action, of course. 

But action with balance — a balance of 

faith and intellectual honesty, of realism 

and idealism, of urgency and 

perspective. To nurture leadership with 

this kind of maturity calls for wise and 

flexible programming by the University. 

The final day of the spring term was 

an example of meeting such a challenge. 

Although classes were dismissed, 

learning was not. The day was given to 

a new venture — a series of seminars 

dealing with constructive action 

towards survival. 

We begin with six students who 

unofficially attended the May 10 Peace 

Rally in Washington. Some of their 

observations and the ensuing results 

verify the truth spoken by the late 

Dag Hammarskjold: ". . . and only he 

who listens can speak." 



by Bev Finley '73 

expect. All week long we kept 
hearing about the tragic deaths of 
four students, the burning of ROTC 
buildings, and the shutdown of many 
universities. We wondered if vio- 
lence, too was going to be the out- 
come of this May 10th peace rally in 
Washington, D.C. Yet the six of us 
felt at ease as we made the 10-hour 
drive from Taylor to Washington to 
observe the impromptu gathering of 
over 100, 000 people. 

The expressed aim of having such 
a rally was to register the strength 
of the opposition against the war and 
the recent Cambodian decision. We 
didn't know if what these people 
were doing would work or not, but 
we drove on to find out for ourselves 
the meaning of such a demonstra- 

As we entered Washington at 2 
a.m. Saturday, we all began to won- 
der if we had driven all this way to 
be the only ones to show. The closer 
we got though, to the center of the 
city, the more we realized that we 
were in the midst of something big. 
We found ourselves caught in heavy 
traffic and there were many people 
walking toward Capitol Hill and the 
Washington Monument. 

Leaving the car and walking with 
sleeping bags on our shoulders, we 
were taken aback by the festive 
mood of the crowd we found at the 
Washington Monument. It appeared 
to be one big campground, fires 
burning and students singing. As 
tired as we were, though, it wasn't 
hard to shut all else out and fall 

It was about 6 a.m. when we woke 
up to the picture-postcard beauty of 
Washington, and to the lively shout- 
ing of two young boys playing fris- 
bee. The crowd seemed anxious for 
the activities of the day to begin. In 
fact one small group was over- 
anxious about making the day an 
active one. When they saw the flags 

around the Washington Monument 
being raised full-staff, instead of half 
mast for the Kent State students, 
they openly confronted the police. 
Most of the students did not want 
this type of flare up so they did not 
back the few students who were 
forcing the issue. It was easy then for 
the riot police to break up this 

The main activity of the morning 
was just the arrival of people. They 
came in every fashion possible. One 
group of students even came in a 
U-Haul rented truck. To these it 
seemed very important to be in 
Washington on this day. 

At 1 1 a.m. the Ellipse where the 
demonstration was to be held was 
nearly full. The people were some- 
what restless, partly due to the heat 
and partly because of the long wait. 
Many of them passed the time by 
singing and getting the crowd to 
shout verses like, "All we are saying 
is give peace a chance." 

It was very interesting to talk to 
many different people. We were sur- 
prised there were not only students 
in the crowd but a large number of 
adults. We asked a Congregational- 
ist minister from Wooster, Mass. why 
he came to a rally composed mostly 
of students and he said, "I'm here 
because it is about time that we 
show that we are appealing to a 
higher authority than that of the civil 
government." A philosophy professor 
from Teacher's College in New York 
said that she also came because "I 
had to make a decision to show or 
not. It was a must and I just couldn't 
say no." 

As the temperature seemed to go 
up, the speakers finally took the 
platform and the main part of the 
rally began. Nothing really new was 
said. The same reasons were given 
as to why we should get out of Viet- 
nam, and the crowd responded with 
much cheering and clapping. During 
the speaking the crowd was con- 

stantly warned by the people from 
MOBE, not to cause trouble. To 
cause violence would never further 
the idea of peace and they did want 
peace. On the other hand we were 
told what to do in case trouble did 
break out, because there were fac- 
tions in the crowd who were bent on 
having a confrontation. This was 
evident after the rally was finished 
and most of the people heading 
home, when a group of about 100 
tried to overturn a bus. 

Again as the temperature seemed 
to go even higher, the people began 
to move around more. Many went 
to the reflecting pool to cool off, 
while others just walked around 
talking to people. Some were busy, 
though as they made an effort to talk 
with their congressman about the 

As we talked with various people 
we were surprised at their openness 
and sincerity. It was assuring to 
know that when they said they 
wanted peace they also said that 
they would express their convictions 
by peaceful means. Lobbying in 
Congress is an example of the meth- 
ods the peace movement is now 

As we left the rally that day we all 
had mixed emotions. We also had a 
slightly different perspective of what 
is happening in this country. We 
were frightened at the extreme divi- 
sion in our nation and yet encour- 
aged that the majority of people 
were willing to work within the sys- 
tem. The result of such a rally may 
be hard to pinpoint in a few words, 
and it may be hard to even under- 
stand the impact it had on the peo- 
ple of this nation. Yet six Taylor 
students came away with a sense 
that it is time for Christians to stand 
up and express their convictions on 
the issues of the day. Christianity 
must now be vocal about the Answer 
it has that can bring a divided nation 
back together again. 

1 1 

^s^ouly \m mmrmr 


by Pam Cauble '70 

There was something about the 
atmosphere in Washington, D.C. 
that emphasized the urgency of to- 
day's problems. Excitement could 
be felt in the air. Perhaps it was the 
unity of the innumerable people 
gathered to let their stand be known. 

That atmosphere, especially con- 
cerning politics, just seemed to be 
missing in Upland. Indiana. We 
could not bring that "feeling" back 
to Taylor. 

But we could try to offer facts. We 
told as many as we could about what 
we saw and felt in Washington. That 
was not nearly enough; but with the 

help and support of faculty, students 
and the administration, the Survival 
Seminars gave students concentrated 
information about today's issues. 

I am jumping on no one's band- 
wagon until I am convinced of his 
Tightness. After Washington, D.C. 
I am not convinced that immediate 
withdrawal is reasonable, sane, or 
possible. Yet, on the other hand, my 
concern for people — ALL people — 
whether I know them or not, will not 
permit justifying the other extreme 
that advocates, "Drop the bombs and 
get it over with!" How far in the 
middle does one have to be? 




by Georgia Christgau '71 

The six of us who went to Wash- 
ington on May 8 traveled in antici- 
pation of violent demonstration and 
were surprised by the friendliness 
of the "protestors." Why should we 
have been surprised? 

The most tangible progress result- 
ing from the Washington experience 
was the Survival Seminars on May 
22. Most of us who planned the event 
were worried that few would sup- 
port it. But when over half the school 
attended the morning sessions alone, 
we were satisfied that many students 
were not willing to remain cloistered 
in the "Family." Our family moved 
out of itself and into its real world 
symbolically by attending the semi- 
nars in significant numbers. 

Away from the campus for the 
summer. I now see too quickly how 
isolated I can become as a student 
feeding off the university life. We 
students who were able to enjoy 
such a one-time experience want to 
keep judging current issues, to keep 
discussing them as adults and 

So little has changed since May 8 
that it is hard to very cheerful about 
our United States. This summer I am 
a counselor of inner city kids and am 
overwhelmed at their need. They 
live in hell in the city. Why are we 
worrying so much about Commu- 
nism in Southeast Asia when people 
are being killed emotionally and 
psychologically in our own land? W 


OLUTION inevitable." Many Ameri- 
cans today feel that these words 
of John Kennedy hold prophetic 
meaning as the conflict in the U.S. 
seems to be getting out of control. 
The solutions to our ills seem to 
be obscured in the violence that 
turns to tragedy, or in the emotion- 
laden rhetoric that is used only to 
incite and anger all factions of the 
American people. 

How to make "Peace Through 
Revolution" was not only the theme 
of Youth Conference this year, but 
was also the prevalent question on 
Taylor's campus during the last few 
weeks of school. As Taylor's students 
watched other schools riot and strike 
against government decisions, they 
realized the need for the small, liber- 
al arts, Christian college to finally 
take constructive action toward the 
issues of the times. The result was a 
day set aside to discuss and learn 
what to do about the problems of 
Cambodia, polarization, student dis- 
sent, free speech, silent majority, 
presidential power, and the Middle 
East situation. 

The whole idea began with the six 
Taylor students who went to Wash- 
ington D.C. to observe the May 10th 
peace rally. Out of that initial "shoot 


by Bev Finley '73 




Above: Mary Linder 70, expresses concern 

for American homes and Supreme 

Court rulings. 

Upper Right: Dick Van Yperen 70. expresses 

his views on the Survival Seminar. 

Right Center: Students converge on the 

campus lawn to hear faculty members discuss 

major issues. 

Right: President Milo Rediger asks key 

questions: "Can we live with the democratic 

process? How will we react when we lose 

the vote and are part of the minority?" Other 

panelists are Dr. Dwight Mikkelson. 

right, and Rich Myers. 


Washington observer, Craig Willert "73: 

"I love my country and recognize the 

need for change." 

Bob Sheesley 7 1 , comments on 
the Survival Seminars. 



session" came the idea of replacing 
the last day of classes with special 
seminars, panel discussions, and de- 
bates on the contemporary crises 
occurring in America. Within one 
week's time, members of the admin- 
istration, faculty, and student body 
had organized a day's program la- 
beled "Constructive Action Towards 
Survival." Through their efforts they 
had made the necessary arrange- 
ments to get students involved and 
the community alerted to what was 
taking place in a Christian univer- 

The day began with a rally on 
Taylor's lawn and a series of semi- 
nars conducted by faculty members. 
One of the highlights of the day was 
the open dialogue between faculty 
members and students during the 
noon meal. Also on the agenda were 
two panel discussions — "Why Cam- 
bodia and Vietnam," and "Construc- 
tive Action." The latter was espe- 
cially productive because it gave 
Taylor students ideas and ways to 
make their voice heard. One such 
method was offered when Dr. 
Dwight Mikkelson showed the stu- 
dents what they could do to get the 
voting age lowered to 18. 

It was during the seminars that 
students were made better aware of 
the nature of politics and how they 
affect the individuals of this country. 
For instance, in the seminar on Con- 
gress and Presidential Power, stu- 
dents heard Prof. Phil Loy of the 
political science department say 
that, "the normal circumstance is one 
of conflict between the President 
and Congress." Prof. Loy went on to 
say, "Our system is conflict-produc- 
ing and the signs of strife only show 
that it is working." Such statements 
throughout the day, of course, 
caused much discussion. 

The day's activities, the meaning 
they held for the students, and the 
method of communication that made 
it possible to discuss issues honestly, 
openly and with results added up to 
progress for Taylor. 

The Taylor family can be very 
proud that the students at Taylor see 
a vital need of making constructive 
change — and making it peacefully. 


by Mary Under 70 

I believe that much of the problem 
in the uprising of our students comes 
from permissive homes. Many par- 
ents have failed to lay down strict 
rules of conduct. It seems to me that 
in some homes parents are almost 
afraid of their children. Parents have 
a God-given authority over their 
children simply because they are 
parents. They do such children a 
disservice when they do not exercise 
needed authority. I cannot believe 
the attitude of some educators in 
responding to the problem! The of- 
fenders often receive such light sen- 
tences they are not deterred from 
continuing to cause trouble. 

Everyone has a right to his opin- 
ion and a right to express it — but not 
a right to destroy a system or prop- 
erty that does not belong to him. 

Also. I believe that part of the 
reason America is seeing so much 
uprising in her educational system 
is because of the Supreme Court 
ruling against prayer. It is almost as 
if God were saying, "You have said 
you can get along by yourselves. 
Now let's see you do it." 

Georgia Chrisigau 71 

finds isolationism a 

natural tendency. 

Standing-room-only crowd lakes part in 
question and answer sessions. 
Left: Dr. Dale Heath, authority in the 
Middle East, discusses Arab - Israeli affairs. 
Former University Pastor. The Rev. Peter 
Pascoe '35, took issue with Dr. Heath 
on some points. 



by Phillip Loy '62 

Asst. Professor of Political Science 

Discussion of the Vietnamese war 
normally encompasses two consid- 
erations: an historical inquiry into 
the process of U.S. involvement and 
a pragmatic inquiry into the means 
of extricating ourselves from the 
"mess." My thesis is that we must 
disengage as quickly as logistical 
factors permit. 

We must do so, for when the pre- 
sent conflict in Vietnam is weighed 
in the balance of U.S. national in- 
terest — as all wars must be — it is 
found to be wanting. The national 
interest of the United States is de- 
fined as our ability to preserve our 
autonomy as a nation and to exercise 
the leadership role thrust upon us by 
our great power status. I fail to see 
any strong bond between our na- 
tional interest as defined and our 
participation in the war. In fact, one 
could make a case that the war is 
detrimental to our national interest 
for it is sharply dividing the Ameri- 
can electorate and compromising 
our world influence. We must also 
extricate ourselves for a related mor- 
al reason. Unless a democratic na- 
tion-state can show a relationship to 
her national interest, she has no 
moral right to ask her young men to 
lay down their lives in war. 

Several arguments have been sug- 
gested by proponents of the war to 
justify American involvement in 
Vietnam. First, both former Secre- 
tary of State John Foster Dulles and 
former President Lyndon Johnson 
argued that we are engaged in a 
death struggle with Communism, 
and we must fight it wherever it 
rears its head. This places the em- 
phasis on the wrong factor. Specific 
countries are our enemies, not an 
ideology. Thus, the war must be 
justified because a North Vietnamese 

victory would seriously impair our 
national interest. Consequently, a 
second reason is the oft repeated 
"domino theory." If South Vietnam 
falls, all of Southeast Asia will fall to 
the Communists. The "domino the- 
ory" has been widely refuted, and we 
need not repeat the argument. A 
corollary of the "domino theory" sug- 
gested by General Westmoreland as- 
serts that Vietnam is a precedent- 
setting war and that if we hold fast 
in South Vietnam we will discourage 
Communist insurgency elsewhere. 
Such an argument rests on an im- 
proper reading of Lenin and Mao 
Tse Tung. They write that constant 
pressure will be applied on the capi- 
talist world. If insurgency is not 
successful in one area it will be 
applied in another region. The clear 
implication is that ultimately the 
capitalist countries will spread them- 
selves so thin that they will be de- 
feated. At least, the literature of 
Communist insurgency suggests that 
defeat in one country will not dis- 
courage insurgency elsewhere. 

A final argument posits that a U.S. 
withdrawal from South Vietnam 
would cause our allies to lose con- 
fidence in us and would lessen their 
resolve to fight Communist insurgen- 
cy in their own countries. Strangely 
enough, specific countries are sel- 
dom mentioned in support of the 
argument. Thailand might be con- 
sidered a prime example. But if one 
can believe Thai public pronounce- 
ments, threatened U.S. withdrawal 
from South Vietnam has strength- 
ened Thailand's resolve to fight 
Communist insurgency with Thai 
forces and not U.S. ground troops. 
One also can plausibly ask whether 
our allies have any other ultimate 
protective force than the U.S. wheth- 

er they approved of our actions or 
not. In fact, the unpopularity of the 
war with general Asian public opin- 
ion may constitute a greater threat 
to the domestic stability of our Asian 
allies such as Japan and the Philip- 
pines than an American withdrawal 
from South Vietnam. 

All of the above arguments for 
American involvement rest on as- 
sumptions I consider fallacious. 
Communism is not the monolithic, 
purely ideological force assumed by 
the arguments. The Communist 
world is one of fragmented power, 
thus North Vietnam's policies need 
not be those of Red China or the 
Soviet Union. Also historic national 
objectives often become part and 
parcel of Communist movements. 
Such would seem to be true in Viet- 
nam. Witness the mournful senti- 
ments of the South Vietnamese at the 
death of Ho Chi Minh. A final as- 
sumption of the proponents of our 
war effort seems to be that our na- 
tional interest in Asia is essentially 
a military question to be guaranteed 
by American military power. But 
those countries which have been 
most successful in purging Commu- 
nism have done so without American 
military support. Of even greater 
importance, our military presence 
in South Vietnam diverts attention 
from the real issues: domestic re- 
form and stabilizing pro-American 
governments. The real issue in 
Southeast Asia is political and eco- 
nomic, not military. 

I am forced, then, to draw the con- 
clusion that our involvement in the 
war rests on some erroneous assump- 
tions and that it is not and can not 
be related to American national in- 
terest. We therefore ought to with- 
draw as quickly as is feasible. 





by Dr. Herbert Nygren '51 
Prof, of Philosophy and Religion 

I believe a distinction needs to be 
made — a very important one — be- 
tween Communism as an ideology 
propogated by a certain breed of 
intelligentia and a State that has 
made this ideology into its modus 

When we deal with communism 
as such, we deceive ourselves if we 
think we can do battle with "swords 
loud clashing." One does not fight 
against an ideology with a bullet. I 
am reminded of the now famous 
words of the noted church historian, 
T. R. Glover, as he spoke of the early 
Christians: "They out-lived, out- 
died, and out-thought" their pagan 
counterparts. There is a place for one 
to wrestle in earnest with an idea; 
but the weapon is not a bullet. 

On the other hand, when one 
deals with political totalitarianism 
it is another matter. This is not to 
suggest that war is good; that killing 
is proper. It may be true that at 
times war can be construed as the 
lesser of two evils. It may be that as 
a sinful race of men in rebellion 
against God it is not possible for man 
to live a life of total peace. 

Perhaps there is a danger in the 
sharp break made between "doves" 
and "hawks." There may be room for 
a "chicken-hawk" in between. That 
is to say: perhaps "peace-at-any- 
price" is no better in the long range 
of history than is "war-at-all-costs." 

We must not forget that the 
United States is involved in treat 
obligations. Whether one approves 
of what is happening or not — for the 
moment, should be put aside. One 
must remember that the nation has 
obligated itself to another nation. 
Perhaps this event in history can 
then be used as a guide for subse- 
quent foreign policy. It must be 


by Bob Sheesley 71 

A comment on the T.V. program. 
Laugh-in, expressed my feelings 
about the typical Taylor attitude: 
"The main problem with today's 
Americans is apathy, but who 
cares?" However, since the May 
22nd seminar I have altered my 

I reacted with ambivalence to- 
ward the suggested day of lectures 
and discussions on current American 
crises because I felt few would be 
interested. Also, any attempt at pro- 
jecting our Christian social con- 
science would be a late and weak 
reaction rather than a firm, positive 

The seminars were stimulating. 
Dialogue concerning the economic 
ramifications of the Asian war, rous- 
ing controversy about free speech, 
and discussions on the Middle East 
formed part of a fruitful day. Sharing 
ideas with professors, and clarifying 
some misconceptions were of most 
benefit to me. 

Dr. Loy summed up the day's 
thoughts with a plea for student con- 
cern and involvement. He suggested 
that the time for demonstrations has 
ended. We must begin to work 
through our democratic political 
system. /, personally, am ready to 
cease analyzing and criticizing. I am 
ready to give up philosophizing for 
positively oriented action. 

The specially designated day of 
seminars will not have been wasted 
if we use its inspiration to move us 
from the outer peripheries of con- 
cern to where the action is needed. 

remembered that the people of the 
Orient, especially, are conscious of 
the "word" of another. 




by Richard Van Yperen 70 

After a month of mellowing. I find 
my thoughts about the Survival Sem- 
inar in May still centered in its suc- 
cess or lack of success, both immedi- 
ate and long-term. The whole day 
was exactly what the title described 
it as being. All the seminars were 
well attended and the immediate 
success was evident in the positive 
remarks by both faculty and stu- 
dents. The question that still con- 
tinues is, "What will be the effect in 
the coming year of school?" Person- 
ally, I think that this one day in May 
has helped to show many that edu- 
cation can happen outside (but yet 
within the University family) the 
classroom and scheduled class. The 
free university concept has tremen- 
dous potential. This last day of semi- 
nars has opened up the door to a 
wider education at Taylor. 

It will be up to the students in the 
future to continue creatively with 
this concept. 

Many of us learned more about 
the faculty and staff through this in- 
formal day of inter-action and edu- 
cation — perhaps this is a most posi- 
tive point of the whole day. We also 
found that apathy was only a bad 
rumor spread about our student 


by William Salsbery 70 

After two days of interaction with 
concerned students I have begun to 
see the urgency of our problems and 
the necessity to investigate them. I 
can no longer allow myself to be 
content with just reading or hearing 
the news, but I must react to it. We, 
at Taylor, need to realize that stu- 
dents throughout the United States 
are influencing our society. 





by Rich Myers 71, Student Body President 

During the seminar on "Students, 
Silent Majority and Polarization" my 
comments centered on three points. 
Who causes the polarization? What 
type of actions causes the polariza- 
tion and what are its effects. 

Certain newspapers are more con- 
cerned with catchy headlines that 
emphasize the sensational than re- 
porting the whole story. An example 
would be a paper that reported the 
statement of President Nixon refer- 
ring to students as bums rather than 
reporting his whole statement in 
which he only termed certain speci- 
fic student radicals as bums. 

On the other hand, national lead- 
ers, knowing that the news media 
often only use the emotional terms 
from a speech, must be very careful 
in the language they use. 

Certain student leaders contribute 
a great deal to the polarization with- 
in our nation by the methods they 
use to accomplish their goals. 

Just what are these methods that 
divide our nation? Violence on col- 
lege campuses in which buildings 
are burned and universities forced 
to shut down is certainly a divisive 

I recently received in the mail a 
statement calling for the impeach- 
ment of President Nixon. Now this 
type of action, in effect, says. "If I 
don't get my way then I'll take my 
ball and go home." The type of stu- 
dent who says that because public 
policy doesn't go his way, he will 
impeach the President, is very ir- 
responsible. In a democracy the 
government is only responsible to 

listen to all its citizens and no one 
has the right to assume that simply 
because he or she wants a certain 
public policy to be followed, it auto- 
matically should become policy. 

Finally, one must realize what are 
the effects of the actions taken by 
certain student leaders. A recent A. P. 
release noted that the backlash of the 
student demonstrations is causing 
the dropping off of congressional 
support for such important goals as 
the 18-year-old vote. 

Reflecting back on our seminar, 
it is important to note that as Chris- 
tians we have a great potential of 
love. In the midst of division within 
our nation, and although we may 
disagree on some points, we have 
a great common bond of love in 
Jesus Christ. *] 

Taylor's answer: Students laking part in many types of Christian service during 

he summer at home and abroad, assemble in front of the gymnasium during the Taylor 

World Outreach (TWO) dedication service, held, most appropriately. 

as part of "Survival" 




by Joanne Neuroth 70 

Photos by 

David Klopfenstein 


Chorale goes Continental 

Saturday, June 6 / London 

My sense of time is slipping away. 
(Space has eluded me since we 
landed yesterday — I still can't con- 
vince myself that this is really Eng- 
land!) It has always seemed so clear- 
cut: now is real: everything else is 
"history." But I am having trouble 
applying that distinction today. 

When I lean against the heavy, 
ancient doors of Hampton Court, 
which date back to the time of 
Henry VIII, and absorb the cool, 
green tranquility of the square court- 
yard enclosed by the fluid symmetry 
of fragile arches, Cardinal Woolsey 
and Ann Boleyn seem at least as real 
as I. 

Or the Elgin Marbles at the Brit- 
ish Museum: some unknown Greek 
craftsman stood as close to the stat- 
ues as I did today while he chipped 
and polished the gleaming surfaces 
day after day, getting hungry, quit- 
ting for the day, beginning again 
each morning until the statue took 
its place in the Parthenon, an elo- 
quent expression of the grace and 
movement he had envisioned long 

There's something about the con- 
creteness of places and objects of 
everyday life which makes me know 
— for a moment at least — that their 
long-ago "now" was as real to them 
as mine is for me today. That does 
something to history. 

Monday, June 8 / Heidelberg 

Stopped this afternoon along the 
way — the road had been paralleling 
the river for some time — to board the 
Koln-Dusseldorfer and cruise up the 
Rhine for a couple of hours. The 

steep banks were covered with 
black-green forests or carefully ter- 
raced vineyards except where a 
castle or miniature village was 
tucked between the hills. I must 
confess, however, that we didn't 
keep our attention focused on the 
scenery all the time. It was even 
more fascinating to watch the faces 
of our fellow passengers as one of 
those impromptu "concerts" (which 
seem, somehow, to generate them- 
selves spontaneously whenever two 
or more chorale members find them- 
selves within singing distance) grew 
in volume and in intensity until the 
entire chorale divided itself into two 
groups at opposite ends of the upper 
observation deck for their an ti phonal 

Much of the rest of the trip was 
spent in conversations with inter- 
ested and curious members of the 
"audience" — such as one genial crew 
member who obligingly pointed out 
the Lorelei and then confided that 
he often got a few chuckles by point- 
ing American tourists to the other 
sides; mumbling encouragingly in 
German, "That is not the Lorelei:" 
and watching them waste rolls of 
film while exclaiming at its obvious 
superiority over all the other prom- 
ontories in sight. 

Because of the unscheduled river 
excursion, we arrived late at Heidel- 
berg; it was midnight before supper 
began to be served. 

And it well might have been 
morning before the one poor wait- 
ress had served her last dessert, had 
it not been for the buoyant good 
nature of several students who — de- 
spite a total communications black- 
out (the only breach of the language 

barrier was the unmistakably grate- 
ful "Dankes" from the kitchen) — 
jumped to the rescue and managed 
to get the steaming plates of sauer- 
kraut and Braunschweiger on the 
tables in record time. 

We sank into unbelievably de- 
lightful feather comforters and giant 
pillows you could curl up into . . . 
bed never felt so good — even at 2:00 

Tuesday, June 9 / Lucerne 

Discontent is so contagious. It 
takes only the spark of one verbal- 
ized gripe to set off the accumulated 
tinder of all the little problems and 
minor discomforts inevitably associ- 
ated with moving 100 people across 
a continent: the slow waitress, the 
lost suitcase, the lock on the rest 
room door which seems to hold fast 
only when you want out, the hot bus, 
the cold shower, the lukewarm Coke 
— all of the things which will fall into 
perspective as we look back on 
"Europe," but which are medium- 
sized mountains right now. 

But it's all part of the culture we 
want to learn about — and our atti- 
tudes are all part of the Christianity 
we sing about. Put it all into perspec- 
tive, Lord! We don't do so well our- 
selves some days. 

Saturday, June 13 / Florence 

All my life I've been skeptical of 
universally acclaimed genius: if no- 
body had ever heard of these guys, 
would people still pick them out as 
great? Only after a course in Shake- 
speare last semester (when I finally 
got down to business and read him), 
for instance, was I honestly con- 
vinced that he deserved his fame. 


"It is an awesome experience 

to see the well-known symbols 

— a cross, an anchor, a fish — 

carved over the grave 

of the early martyrs. . ." 

And now I believe in Michael- 
angelo ... so many pictures I've 
seen, but they look like all the other 
pictures too much. 

But I defy any skeptic to survive 
more than 5 minutes in front of his 
David in the Gallery of the Aca- 
demy. Or his Florentine Pieta. Or his 
Holy Family. Even in Florence so 
rich in genius, he stands out. This 
has to be the highlight of the trip, no 
matter what's left. 

Monday, June 1 5 / Rome 

I think I have finally mastered the 
system by which you beat Italian 
busdrivers at their own game (i.e. 
board their buses in one piece). It's 
tricky to explain, but it involves 
sprinting down the street to gain 
momentum as you see them coming, 
wrenching the doors open and vault- 
ing through the opening, clinging to 
the pole until you regain your nor- 
mal color, then forking over 50 lira — 
imagine all that for 8 cents! In any 
amusement park back home, it 
would cost a good half dollar! 

It's funny how real devotional ex- 
periences sort of sneak up on you 
when you aren't expecting them: I 
feel as if I've attended three worship 
services today — and it isn't even 

The morning began with the Sis- 
tine Chapel. The magnificent ceiling 
panels, in their progression from 
man at his worst to man at his best 
and then to God in His perfection, 
and the awesome Last Judgment on 
the wall above the altar invoked a 
profoundly moving sense of the near- 
ness of the "God who is there" — and 
who transcends time in such a way 
that He has "been there" not only 

when Michaelangelo painted The 
Creation, but even before the real 
creation scene took place. 

The Basilica 

We left at 2:00 for Saint Peter's 
basilica where the chorale was plan- 
ning to sing. They gathered under 
the great dome and began with 
Randall Thompson's Alleluia. As the 
volume swelled slowly from its be- 
ginning pianissimo in a triumphant 
crescendo which echoed from t he- 
vaulted ceiling, the music seemed 
to emanate from the building itself. 

I closed my eyes and could not 
help thinking that to one of the wor- 
shippers kneeling in the side chap- 
els, the unexpected alleluias must 
have sounded truly angelic. 

We were uncertain of the reaction 
the chorale's singing would draw 
from visitors in the basilica, but the 
crowd that quickly gathered around 
the group was evidently appreciat- 
ing the music in the same spirit in 
which the chorale offered it: as sin- 
cere adoration and worship of the 
God whose House they were in. 

As one German nun, a music 
teacher, expressed her feelings to 
chorale members afterwards: "I can 
tell by your faces that you mean 
what you sing. This is what the 
building was designed for — God's 
praises ought be sung here more 
often! Thank you." 

Then, with the afternoon free, 
three of us risked our lives on the 
Italian transit system (on the 
strength of dubious directions, con- 
sisting mostly of violent hand ges- 
tures, obtained from a couple of 
friendly natives) and to our great 
delight, arrived at the catacombs of 

San Sebastiano. It was well worth 
the cross-city trip. 

As I followed the guide down from 
the withering Italian sun into the 
dark, chill, narrow tunnels below the 
earth, I felt for the third time today 
the nearness of a God who is bigger 
than I can comprehend. 

It is an awesome experience to see 
the well-known symbols — a cross, an 
anchor, a fish — carved over the grave 
of the early martyrs and to feel a kin- 
ship with those first Christians who, 
grieving and yet strangely trium- 
phant, must have put them there. 
What a faith! 

Wednesday, June 17 / Pisa 

Can't wait for somebody back 
home to tell me I have a nice tan. I 
can just hear myself drawling casu- 
ally. "Oh, do you really think so? I 
must have picked it up last week on 
the Italian Riviera." Well, would you 
believe we stopped for three hours 
on the beach today (enroute from 
Rome to Pisa)? 

Tonight the Italians won the in- 
ternational soccer championship — 
only it is played in Mexico City or 
somewhere, and the game was over 
at 2 or 3 in the morning, Italian time. 
No matter — all chaos broke loose in 
the streets . . . absolutely indescrib- 
able! They take winning very seri- 
ously in this country! 

Wednesday, June 24 / London 

Back across the English Channel 
today. The white cliffs of Dover 
would never have looked so good — if 
I'd been in any condition to lift my 
head up and look at them. We leave 
tomorrow noon — have to make good 
use of my last few hours! 




Top photo: Nancy Fancher shown in action during a 
Romper Room telecast in Toledo. 

Upper right: Bob Cotner ponders concepts 
presented by black authors. 

Right: Donald Fancher meets Vice President Spiro Agnew. 

Far right: Joe Brain with inflated Stellar sea lions lungs. 

Behind him are transducers, amplifiers, and 

oscilloscopes used in experiments. 

"Don and I have not stopped praising God for 
His goodness.'' — Nan Fancher 

". . . God has scattered the pieces of the puzzle of man's 
biological nature throughout all living things." — Joe Brain 

"The presence of black literature courses stands as a partial 
fulfillment . . . of the fact that men of black skin speak 
loud and clear to the American conscience." — Bob Cotner 




"boc sae" has arrived! This is the 
pronouncement that was voiced abroad 
when Captain (Dr.) Donald Fancher '64, 
visited local villages to give medical 
treatment to Vietnamese people. At the 
time, Don was assigned to an Army base 
camp near the Cambodian border in the 
jungles of South Vietnam, where he 
worked with 36 medics and was the phy- 
sician in charge of health care for the 650 
men in his battalion. While there he re- 
cieved several medals for heroism and 
meritorious achievement. But his great- 
est enjoyment was visiting the villages 
and ministering to the people through 
an interpreter. 


Necessity, plus engenuity, also made 
Don an inventor. In order to combat 
malaria, he developed a mosquito fogger 
whose main components were a hypo- 
dermic needle and a jeep. First, he at- 
tached a 13-guage needle to the exhaust 
manifold. When the solution of diesel oil 
and malathion reached the hot manifold 
a vacuum was created which forced a 
cloud of smoke out the tailpipe, effec- 
tively taking care of the mosquitos. 

When the First Infantry was de- 
activated Don was assigned to the 12th 
Evacuation Hospital where he works in 
the emergency room. One of his more 
unusual experiences overseas was meet- 

ing Spiro Agnew during the Vice Presi- 
dent's visit to that area. He expects to be 
returned to the U.S. in November. 

Donald's wife. Nan, is in a much safer 
spot — between Lassie and Dennis the 
Menace in the Toledo, Ohio television 
listings. Last August, when Don received 
his orders from the U.S. Army for duty 
in Vietnam the Fanchers were in Hono- 
lulu where the young physician was a 
medical intern. "I felt working would be 
helpful to me during Don's absence." 
Nan recalls. "Learning quickly of teach- 
ing opportunities in the Asia-Pacific 
area, I began applying to various 
schools. I also wrote to Romper Room 

Enterprises to tell them I might be re- 
turning to Toledo, my home town. Not 
knowing what would be best, I asked 
God to clearly point out His will for me. 
Almost immediately, 1 heard from Romp- 
er Room with news that two days before 
receiving my letter they were told of an 
opening in Toledo. Don and I have not 
stopped praising God for His goodness. 

Nan (Buecker '64) had conducted the 
Romper Room TV program in Madison, 
Wisconsin while Don was a medical stu- 
dent there. Their two sons, Don, Jr. and 
Jeffrey are looking forward to being with 
their father for one week in Hawaii dur- 
ing Don's "R and R." 









by Dr. Joe Brain '61 


liver and belly clams. Walrus liver has 
a strong, gamey taste but the belly clams 
are tender and delicate. This exotic fare 
was not featured on the menu for the 
Gamma Delta Beta Valentine Banquet; 
it was served in the middle of the icy 
Bering Sea. 

The diners, all scientists aboard the 
Research Vessel, Alpha Helix, were in- 
vestigating the special adaptations of 
mammals who live in a frigid, marine 
environment. The liver we ate came from 
an 1800-pound walrus that had recently 
given its lungs, heart, arteries, brain, 
flippers and blubber to science. The cook 
salvaged a few edibles after the require- 
ments of research had been satisfied. 

The "belly clams" were really second- 
hand. Walruses are bottom-feeders; they 
dive down to the ocean floor and cruise 
along digging up clams with heavy plas- 
tic-like whiskers. They suck out and 
swallow whole the inhabitants of each 
shell. If you open the stomach of a wal- 
rus, you will find it filled exclusively 
with their monotonous diet — tender, 
juicy clams. The recipe for serving them 
is simple: wash the belly clams in sea 
water, muster your courage and eat. Not 
bad. But another ethnic treat we tried — 
"Eskimo chewing gum" — might well be 
left to the Eskimos. It is a sizable chunk 
of rubbery walrus aorta. 

Unique Ship 

We were fortunate to be aboard the 
Alpha Helix. She is a modern floating 
laboratory for experimental biology de- 
signed to operate anywhere in the world. 
Three years ago the National Science 
Foundation made a grant of several 
million dollars to the Scripps Institution 
of Oceanography to build and equip a 
unique ship especially designed to per- 
mit sophisticated scientific experimen- 
tation. The ship is 133 feet long and is 
similar in design to a conventional tuna 

Not only were we pleased with the 
unparalleled facilities for field research, 
we were delighted with the geographical 
setting as well. Snow-covered smoking 
volcanoes such as Shishaldin and Pavlof 
rise out of the icy cobalt-blue water 

along the Alaskan peninsula and Aleu- 
tian Islands. The extended sunsets of the 
Northern Bering Sea were reflected in 
ice floes chiseled by wind and water and 
punctuated with the black bodies of seals 
and walruses. 

Alaska's barren landscape proved 
bountiful in terms of the animals avail- 
able for study. In just nine weeks we had 
the opportunity to study a wide spec- 
trum of diving mammals — sea otters, sea 
lions, walruses, fur seals, and a variety 
of ear-less seals. All these animals, being 
mammals, possess respiratory systems 
constructed according to the same basic 
scheme as that of monkey, moose, mouse 
or man; yet they have unusual adapta- 
tions which enable them to thrive in a 
frigid, marine environment. Their respi- 
ratory prowess is unmatched. Seals can 
dive down hundreds of feet, exposing 
themselves to huge hydraulic pressures, 
and actively hunt while holding their 
breath for 3 to 30 minutes. Upon sur- 
facing, they ventilate at very high levels, 
rapidly reducing their oxygen debt. 

Lung Studies 

Some fundamental measurements of 
respiratory mechanics in marine mam- 
mals had never been made. We were 
eager to measure such basic parameters 
as lung volumes, the elastic properties 
of the lungs and chest wall, and the peak 
ventilations diving mammals could pro- 
duce. We hoped these measurements 
would help provide an adequate descrip- 
tion of how marine mammals breathe so 
effectively under such unusual circum- 
stances. More important, however, we 
sought to uncover basic principles which 
might extend to all mammals, particular- 
ly man. 

A desire to understand how the lungs 
function in health and disease can be 
expressed in many ways. Purely theoreti- 
cal analyses have provided insights into 
lung function. Clinical experiments with 
humans or laboratory experiments with 
animals provide a chance to test theories, 
demonstrate principles and uncover 
facts. Yet comparative studies based on 
the great variety of living forms often 
yield essential knowledge about man. 
Beneath the expeditionary approach to 

research lies the conviction that God has 
scattered the pieces of the puzzle of 
man's biological nature throughout all 
living things. 

I had met the Alpha Helix at Kodiak 
Island early in May and was joined there 
by 9 other scientists from Denmark. Nor- 
way. France, and the U.S.A. The ship 
and crew were licking minor wounds 
incurred by an encounter with some 
packed sea ice during the Alpha Phase 
of the Bering Sea expedition. The Beta 
Phase (soon known as the "Bravado 
Phase") was not five hours out of Kodiak 
when we too were introduced, with a 
total lack of courtesy, to the bullying 
tactics of the sea. We ran into 40-knot 
winds and the first of three major storms 
was upon us. The ship seemed pitifully 
small, and the sea not only created chaos 
in our stomachs but in the laboratories 
as well. One chemical cabinet came off 
the wall and spilled its reagents onto the 
floor dissolving the asphalt tile. A large 
centrifuge broke loose and dented a few 
walls as it skidded here and there. It was 
finally subdued and lashed down after 
causing considerable damage. The sea 
also demolished a cage on the fantail, 
and Oscar, a harbor seal from Seattle 
who was flown up as our first experi- 
mental animal, was washed overboard. 

Alaskan Peninsula 

We welcomed our first stop at Cold 
Bay, a tiny outpost 600 miles from An- 
chorage on the Alaskan Peninsula. Dress- 
ed warmly, we climbed into small skiffs 
with outboard motors and began to 
search for sea otter. Finally, 20 miles 
from Cold Bay we reached the vast kelp 
beds which fill the water along the 
ragged reefs close to shore. Through the 
clear water, kelp looks like the tops of 
giant palm trees drifting weightlessly in 
a liquid sky. In this thick sea forest, more 
than a hundred sea otters were playing, 
diving and floating on their backs. This 
was their home; here they felt relatively 
protected from their main predators, 
man and the killer whale. 

Like all marine mammals, the sea otter 
catches his meal under water; then he 
surfaces with a catch of sea urchins, 
oysters, mussels or fish. With a gesture 



Joe collects whale ribs. A total of 

three dozen were found on an Alaskan beach. 

of indulgent luxury, he rolls over on his 
back, and floating supine, dissects his 
meal, using his chest as a table. 

We set a net across the kelp bed and 
were later rewarded with a young, vigor- 
ous 45-pound sea otter. The otter has 
taken to the icy sea much more recently 
than the other diving mammals and 
hasn't yet evolved the protective layers 
of blubber. His appetite was prodigious; 
each day he ate one-fourth of his weight. 
We were kept busy supplying him with 
quantities of herring and Alaska king 
crab. Such a large food intake was neces- 
sary to produce enough body heat to 
maintain core temperature. To supply 
oxygen for this high metabolism the sea 
otter has large lungs and a high minute- 
ventilation for his size. In a special ply- 
wood tank we measured his oxygen con- 
sumption and response to changed oxy- 
gen and carbon dioxide levels. Later, 
anesthetized and artificially respired, he 
was studied in one of several body ple- 
thysmography we had built on the ship. 
Not surprisingly, these active animals 
proved to have lungs much larger than 
those of other mammals that size. 

After stopping at Dutch Harbor and 
Unalaska, we headed north. The Helix 
streamed through the Akutan Pass, en- 
tered the Bering Sea, and made for 
Bogoslof Island, 60 miles north, a Steller 
sea lion rookery uninhabited by man. 
Bogoslof Island is a strangely beautiful, 
Dantesque place, a new island produced 
by volcanic action only 200 years ago. 
Grass is just beginning to grow on its 
high plateau overlooking the gravel 
beach, loud with bellowing sea lions. 
The island is only a mile wide but it is 
inhabited by thousands of sea lions and 
literally millions of shrieking birds. Its 

towering cathedral-like rock pinnacles 
are covered with black and white murres 
— " penguins of the North'' — and colorful 
puffins or sea parrots, which dive for fish 
and lay their eggs in precarious nests or 
in burrows in the grass. 

With nets, poles and cameras, we 
headed towards shore in our skiff to 
capture a sea lion. The Steller sea lion, 
a close relative of the California sea lion 
or common circus seal, is a Colossus. The 
bulls weigh about 1.500 to 2.000 pounds 
and the females about 600 pounds. The 
bulls were staking out territory on the 
beach, and their booming threats could 
be heard for miles. We landed violently 
in the heavy surf, stumbled onto the 
beach and faced the sea lions. They 
snorted and charged; we dodged aside 
as they rushed through our ranks in a 
demented dash for the ocean. But a bull, 
a cow, and five yearlings retreated into 
a dark, dripping cave underneath a large 
pinnacle. Finally, we prodded one year- 
ling away from the rest, threw a net over 
him and tried to tie him securely. The 
sea lion was highly plastic, very excited, 
and used his 250 pounds and his mouth 
full of teeth to strategic advantage. After 
a 20-minute struggle, he was finally se- 
cured in a net, loaded onto an aluminum 
stretcher, and ferried back to the Alpha 

We also captured two small bleating 
bundles — sea lion pups — one of which 
was only a few hours old, for it still had 
a few inches of umbilical cord attached. 
While we were studying the yearling, 
another party returned and shot a 2.000 
pound sea lion bull. Arteries, nerves, 
flippers and a heart were needed for 
studies of temperature regulation and 
the cardiovascular system. Naturally, we 

inherited the lungs. Inflated, they held 
80 liters of air and were magnificent. 
They were almost four feet high; all of 
the crew wanted to be photographed 
beside them. 

Our next stop was the Pribilof Islands, 
the fur-seal breeding grounds discovered 
by the Russians in 1780. Although these 
solitary islands were uninhabited by 
man, the Russians imported Aleuts as 
slaves to help slaughter the fur seal. 
Today the fur seal industry and the 
Aleuts survive on the desolate Pribilofs, 
both administered by the United States 

Hostile Environment 

St. Paul, the main island, is reminis- 
cent of a decaying mining town in Ap- 
palachia. All the houses are uniform and 
drab. There are no lawns, no flowers, no 
pride of occupation or culture. For eight 
months of the year, almost all the men 
are unemployed. The climate is so hos- 
tile that all vehicles on the island are 
coated with tar both underneath and on 
the outer surface. Although inhospitable 
to man. the Pribilof Islands are the place 
to vacation if you're a fur seal. There 
are about 2 million fur seals in the world 
and about 1.800.000 of them spend the 
late spring and summer at the Pribilofs, 
mostly at St. Paul. Imagine a million fur 
seals on a small island 8 miles across at 
its widest point. All of the animals are 
concentrated in a two-hundred-yard belt 
around the Island's circumference. 
About 400,000 fur seal pups are born 
each year and 50,000 to 100,000 three to 
four-year-olds are harvested each year, 
providing the basis of a five million 
dollar industry operated by the U.S. 

After capturing two live 500-pound fur 
seals, we left the Pribilof Islands and 
headed farther north. Soon scattered 
pack ice was visible everywhere. We 
were in walrus and seal country — ribbon 
seals, spotted seals, ring seals, bearded 
seals and walruses all savored the luxury 
of the Arctic sun and relaxed on the ice 
floes. To find them, we organized a seal 
watch and took turns manning the tiny 
crow's nest 70 feet above the water. 
Armed with binoculars and a walkie- 


Alumni Vignettes 


talkie, we tried to spot seals and then 
direct the seal-catching team through the 
endless, changing maze of melting ice. 

The sun set later and later each night 
as we moved closer to Siberia and the 
Bering Strait. After steaming through 
pack, ice for 3 days, we arrived at a small 
Eskimo settlement named after a Presby- 
terian missionary who had visited the 
island 70 years earlier. Gambell is just 
40 miles from the Siberian coastline on 
the northwestern tip of St. Lawrence 
Island. It was nearly midnight, but the 
town was exploding with activity. The 
weather and the hunting were both ex- 
cellent and so everyone worked con- 
tinuously. Hunting parties were arriving 
and departing over the horizon. On the 
beach lay walrus carcasses in various 
stages of dissection; children were feed- 
ing scraps to dog teams, or, like children 
everywhere, were flinging the cobbled 
beach piecemeal into the sea. 

Heavy Ice 

The next day the wind shifted to the 
southwest, bringing heavy ice up to the 
island near our anchorage. Even though 
it was noon, today the whole town slept. 
They were recovering from an almost 
continuous 72-hour effort to find and 
slaughter walruses and seals. Now that 
the weather had turned ugly, it was time 
to sleep and recover from the exhaustion 
of the hunt. The rise and fall of activity 
in Gambell is regulated by the weather, 
not by the clock. 

The ice crowded closer to the Helix, 
threatening to push us against the shore. 
Unwillingly, we left the little shanty- 
town fashioned from driftwood and sheet 
metal, and slowly moved away from the 
upturned umiaks on the beach, from the 
wooden racks filled with drying meat 
and skins, and from the bones and car- 
rion lying on the melted snow. 

Much of the expedition's work is now 
being done; two dozen reels of recording 
tape are replaying their four channels of 
information in the laboratory. We listen 
nostalgically to the narrative recorded 
by seasick experimenters, explaining that 
the slow oscillation on channel two is 
due to a sensitive transducer and a roll- 
ing ship; on the background we hear a 



resi less ones — one of the younger 
breed of intellectuals — dynamic, ques- 
tioning — a studied activist. Wherever he 
is the air is alive with thoughtful dis- 

His roots go deep, but not in a geo- 
graphical sense. After teaching high 
school for five years, and pastoring a 
church. Bob began his college teaching 
career at Taylor in 1963, continuing here 
two years. During his Taylor days there 
was much personal searching, some of 
it disquieting, in the process of reaching 
an enduring Christian view. 

Two years on the Ball State University 
faculty then followed, after which he 
again taught in the public schools before 
joining the Montgomery College, Mary- 
land faculty three years ago. 

Bob is spending much of this summer 
in an unique historical venture, the St. 
Marys project, working under Harold 
Skramstad, program specialist for the 
Smithsonion Institute. These men hope 
that St. Marys, which was founded in 
1634 as Maryland's first settlement, will 
be developed not only as a museum but 
as a center for serious research into 
colonial history and culture. This work 
is part of Bob's Ph.D. program in Ameri- 
can studies. 

Black Studies 

Bob is also a compassionate and ar- 
dent voice in the field of black studies. 
In recognition of his work in this area, 
Bob recently took part in a panel dis- 
cussion headlined by noted black writer 
— Nick Aaron Ford, of Morgan State 

In this presentation, Bob made the 
following comments: 

"Inherent in the attention being given 
the American black race through special- 
ized programs of study in American 
schools, is both fulfillment and promise. 
For the same forces of culture and so- 
ciety that have urged into being the time 
of the black man through a decade of 
suffering have created both the necessity 
and the possibility for black literature 
programs. This attention, manifested in 
a microscopic look at this ethnic group 
through its literature, is the significant 
fulfillment of an important goal of 
thoughtful men throughout more than 
a century of American life. 

"The presence of black literature 
courses stands as a partial fulfillment 
within American youth, both black and 
white of a growing sensitivity to and an 
awareness of the fact that men of black 
skin speak loud and clear to the Ameri- 
can conscience . . ." 

"The introduction of black literature 
in the curriculum is the first admission 
in the history of American education that 
black men have contributed to that great 
body of writing called American Litera- 
ture.' And American literature will be 
both richer and more truly American 
with the inclusion of Douglas, Dubois, 
Wright, and Ellison — to name only four 
of the most significant black writers." 

Bob has not forgotten his alma mater. 
In fact, the Comer's were here for Alum- 
ni Day last year and brought their son, 
Jon, 11, to Don Odle's basketball camp 
this June. Bob is married to the former 
Norma Jean Walker (x -'59). Their daugh- 
ter, Erin, is three years old. Norma 
served for three years as secretary in the 
Taylor Alumni and Public Relations of- 
fice while Bob was a student. 

coughing walrus calf or a bleating sea 
lion pup. We find the columns of figures, 
the graphs and tables are sterile reflec- 
tions of a robust experience. 

Upon graduating from Taylor in 1961, 
Joe became a graduate student at 
Harvard, and was awarded Danforth, 
Atomic Energy Commission and Public 
Health Service fellowships. After earning 
two masters degrees in applied physics 

and radiological health, he received a 
doctorate in physiology in 1966 from 
Harvard, where he has remained to 
teach human physiology and environ- 
mental health. 

Joe and Judy (Boll '61) and their two 
sons, Dow 3!/2, and Derek 18 months, live 
in Newton, Massachusetts. Judy has an 
M.A. degree from Boston University, and 
taught at the Christian High School in 




"One does not fight against an 
ideology with a bullet.'' 

Dr. Herbert Nygren Page 21 

"This last day of seminars has opened 
up the door to a wider education 
at Taylor . . . Many of us learned more 
about the faculty and staff through 
this informal day of inter-action 
and education ... we also found that 
apathy was only a bad rumor 
spread about our student body." 

Richard Van Yperen Page 21 

"The Taylor family can be very proud 
that the students at Taylor see a 
vital need of making constructive 
change — and making it peacefully." 
Bev Finley Page 18 

Our failure to demonstrate a robust 

Christianity that represents a 

viable way of life has left the seeker 

of life without an alternative to 

drugs, mysticism and the occult on 

the one hand, and existential 

despair on the other." 

David Mettee Page 9 

"Education is very important but 

even more important are the 

experiences we have that will count 

for eternity." 
Tim Burkholder Page 10 

"Can we live with the democratic 

process? How will we react when we 

lose the vote and are part of the 

Pres. Milo A. Rediger Page 17 

R. R. 1, BOX 27D